Article 11 - Technical Documentation (ART11)
Article 11 deals with the technical documentation requirements and practices required for EC AIA compliance. All activities related to technical documentation are detailed as part of this article. In this article, on the Seclea Platform, there are twenty-on1 defined categories with relevant checks.
Following is the article text with relevant category numbers (11.##) from the Seclea Platform.
The technical documentation of a high-risk AI system shall be drawn up before that system is placed on the market or put into service and shall be kept up-to-date (11.01). The documentation shall be drawn up in a way to:
The technical documentation shall contain at least the following information, as applicable to the relevant AI system:
- 1.A general description of the AI system including (11.03):
- its intended purpose, the person/s developing the system, the date and the version of the system;
- how the AI system interacts or can be used to interact with hardware or software that is not part of the AI system itself, where applicable;
- the versions of relevant software or firmware and any requirement related to version update;
- the description of all forms in which the AI system is placed on the market or put into service;
- the description of hardware on which the AI system is intended to run;
- where the AI system is a component of products, photographs or illustrations showing external features, marking and internal layout of those products;
- instructions of use for the user and, where applicable installation instructions;
- 2.A detailed description of the elements of the AI system and of the process for its development , including:
- 2.the design specifications of the system (11.06), namely the general logic of the AI system and of the algorithms ; the key design choices including the rationale and assumptions made, also with regard to persons or groups of persons on which the system is intended to be used; the main classification choices; what the system is designed to optimise for and the relevance of the different parameters ; the decisions about any possible trade-off made regarding the technical solutions adopted to comply with the requirements set out from Article 9 to Article 15;
- 4.where relevant, the data requirements in terms of datasheets describing the training methodologies and techniques and the training data sets used, including information about the provenance of those data sets, their scope and main characteristics; how the data was obtained and selected; labelling procedures (e.g. for supervised learning), data cleaning methodologies (e.g. outliers detection) (11.09);
- 5.assessment of the human oversight measures needed in accordance with Article 14, including an assessment of the technical measures needed to facilitate the interpretation of the outputs of AI systems by the users, in accordance with Articles 13(3)(d) (11.10);
- 7.the validation and testing procedures used, including information about the validation and testing data used and their main characteristics; metrics used to measure accuracy, robustness, cybersecurity and compliance with other relevant requirements, as well as potentially discriminatory impacts; test logs (11.13) and all test reports dated and signed by the responsible persons (11.19), including with regard to pre-determined changes as referred to under point 2.6.
- 3.Detailed information about the monitoring, functioning and control of the AI system, in particular with regard to: its capabilities and limitations in performance, including the degrees of accuracy for specific persons or groups of persons on which the system is intended to be used and the overall expected level of accuracy in relation to its intended purpose; the foreseeable unintended outcomes and sources of risks to health and safety, fundamental rights and discrimination in view of the intended purpose of the AI system; the human oversight measures needed in accordance with Article 14, including the technical measures put in place to facilitate the interpretation of the outputs of AI systems by the users; specifications on input data, as appropriate (11.14);
- 6.A list of the harmonised standards applied in full or in part the references of which have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union; where no such harmonised standards have been applied, a detailed description of the solutions adopted to meet the requirements set out in Title III, Chapter 2, including a list of other relevant standards and technical specifications applied (11.17);
Below is the list of controls/checks part of Article 11.